Kerosene deutsch

kerosene deutsch

marie-antoinetterevisited.eu | Übersetzungen für 'kerosene' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Übersetzung im Kontext von „kerosene“ in Italienisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: È inoltre superfluo dire che occorre tassare il kerosene. Petroleum (von mittellateinisch petroleum „Steinöl“ von lateinisch petra „Fels“, bzw. „(großer) Die korrekte Bezeichnung für Petroleum im amerikanischen Englisch ist kerosene; die des Öfteren Auftretende Übersetzung ins Deutsche mit .

Kerosene Deutsch Video

kerosene heaters in Japan

English Even now, without kerosene duty, the airports in the EU are locked in fierce competition. English - This motion for a resolution calls, inter alia, for a kerosene tax and for kilometre charges for motor cars.

English The question of a flight tax or a kerosene tax, which we have discussed once or twice, is somewhat more difficult.

English It also goes without saying that kerosene should be taxed. English Unilateral measures at national level such as airline-ticket taxes and kerosene taxes will not work.

English NASA has announced the launching of a programme to find solutions for improving kerosene. English Yet again, the age-old favourite of kerosene tax has popped up, another way of sneaking it in through the back door.

English Focusing our discussion exclusively or primarily on the kerosene tax is unlikely to solve the problem.

English I have proposed a European levy of one cent on every litre of petrol, diesel and kerosene sold in the Union. English keratin keratinized keratolytic kerb kerb weight kerchief kerfuffle kernel kernel of a nut kernel of the nut kerosene kerosene lamp ketchup ketone kettle kettle hat kettle hole kettle lake kettle of fish kettleman key Bab.

Internships abroad Join the bab. Livet utomlands Magasin Praktikplatser. Kerosene , also known as paraffin , lamp oil , and coal oil an obsolete term , is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum.

It is widely used as a fuel in industry as well as households. Its name derives from Greek: It is sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage.

Liquid paraffin called mineral oil in the US is a more viscous and highly refined product which is used as a laxative. Paraffin wax is a waxy solid extracted from petroleum.

Kerosene is widely used to power jet engines of aircraft jet fuel and some rocket engines and is also commonly used as a cooking and lighting fuel and for fire toys such as poi.

In parts of Asia, kerosene is sometimes used as fuel for small outboard motors or even motorcycles. To prevent confusion between kerosene and the much more flammable and volatile gasoline , some jurisdictions regulate markings or colorings for containers used to store or dispense kerosene.

For example, in the United States, Pennsylvania requires that portable containers used at retail service stations for kerosene be colored blue, as opposed to red for gasoline or yellow for diesel fuel.

The American Society for Testing and Materials standard specification D recognizes two grades of kerosene: Heat of combustion of kerosene is similar to that of diesel fuel ; its lower heating value is In the United Kingdom, two grades of heating oil are defined.

BS Class C1 is the lightest grade used for lanterns, camping stoves, wick heaters, and mixed with gasoline in some vintage combustion engines as a substitute for tractor vaporising oil.

BS Class C2 is a heavier distillate, which is used as domestic heating oil. Premium kerosene is usually sold in 5-orliter 1.

Standard kerosene is usually dispensed in bulk by a tanker and is undyed. National and international standards define the properties of several grades of kerosene used for jet fuel.

Flash point and freezing point properties are of particular interest for operation and safety; the standards also define additives for control of static electricity and other purposes.

In his Kitab al-Asrar Book of Secrets , the physician and chemist Razi described two methods for the production of kerosene, termed naft abyad "white naphtha" , using an apparatus called an alembic.

One method used clay as an absorbent , whereas the other method used ammonium chloride sal ammoniac. The distillation process was repeated until most of the volatile hydrocarbon fractions had been removed and the final product was perfectly clear and safe to burn.

Kerosene was also produced during the same period from oil shale and bitumen by heating the rock to extract the oil, which was then distilled.

Although "coal oil" was well known by industrial chemists at least as early as the s as a byproduct of making coal gas and coal tar, it burned with a smoky flame that prevented its use for indoor illumination.

In cities, much indoor illumination was provided by piped-in coal gas , but outside the cities, and for spot lighting within the cities, the lucrative market for fueling indoor lamps was supplied by whale oil , specifically that from sperm whales , which burned brighter and cleaner.

Canadian geologist Abraham Gesner claimed that in , he had given a public demonstration in Charlottetown , Prince Edward Island of a new process he had discovered.

He coined the name "kerosene" for his fuel, a contraction of keroselaion , meaning wax-oil. He was blocked from using it by the New Brunswick coal conglomerate because they had coal extraction rights for the province, and he lost a court case when their experts claimed albertite was a form of coal.

There, he secured backing from a group of businessmen. Manufacture of kerosene under the Gesner patents began in New York in and later in Boston —being distilled from bituminous coal and oil shale.

In , Scottish chemist James Young experimented with oil discovered seeping in a coal mine as a source of lubricating oil and illuminating fuel.

When the seep became exhausted, he experimented with the dry distillation of coal, especially the resinous "boghead coal" torbanite.

He extracted a number of useful liquids from it, one of which he named paraffine oil because at low temperatures, it congealed into a substance that resembled paraffin wax.

Young took out a patent on his process and the resulting products in , and built the first truly commercial oil-works in the world at Bathgate in , using oil extracted from locally mined torbanite, shale, and bituminous coal.

In , he took out a United States patent for the same invention. These patents were subsequently upheld in both countries in a series of lawsuits, and other producers were obliged to pay him royalties.

He distilled this by a process of his own invention from crude oil. He also invented a new lamp to burn his product. At first, Kier simply dumped the useless oil into the nearby Pennsylvania Main Line Canal , but later he began experimenting with several distillates of the crude oil, along with a chemist from eastern Pennsylvania.

Many people knew of his work, but paid little attention to it. On the night of 31 July , doctors at the local hospital needed to perform an emergency operation, virtually impossible by candlelight.

The lamp burned so brightly and cleanly that the hospital officials ordered several lamps plus a large supply of fuel.

The increased supply of petroleum allowed oil refiners to entirely side-step the oil-from-coal patents of both Young and Gesner, and produce illuminating oil from petroleum without paying royalties to anyone.

As a result, the illuminating oil industry in the United States completely switched over to petroleum in the s. The petroleum-based illuminating oil was widely sold as Kerosene, and the trade name soon lost its proprietary status, and became the lower-case generic product "kerosene".

In the United Kingdom, manufacturing oil from coal or oil shale continued into the early 20th century, although increasingly overshadowed by petroleum oils.

As kerosene production increased, whaling declined. The American whaling fleet, which had been steadily growing for 50 years, reached its all-time peak of ships in By , just two years later, the fleet had dropped to ships.

The Civil War cut into American whaling temporarily, but only whaling ships returned to sea in , the first full year of peace, and that number dwindled until only 39 American ships set out to hunt whales in Electric lighting started displacing kerosene as an illuminant in the late 19th century, especially in urban areas.

However, kerosene remained the predominant commercial end-use for petroleum refined in the United States until , when it was exceeded by motor fuels.

The rise of the gasoline-powered automobile in the early 20th century created a demand for the lighter hydrocarbon fractions, and refiners invented methods to increase the output of gasoline, while decreasing the output of kerosene.

In addition, some of the heavier hydrocarbons that previously went into kerosene were incorporated into diesel fuel.

Kerosene kept some market share by being increasingly used in stoves and portable heaters. In , kerosene made up about 0.

At one time the fuel, also known as heating oil in the UK and Ireland, was widely used in kerosene lamps and lanterns.

Although it replaced whale oil , the edition of Elements of Chemistry said, "The vapor of this substance [kerosene] mixed with air is as explosive as gunpowder.

In less-developed countries kerosene is an important source of energy for cooking and lighting. It is used as a cooking fuel in portable stoves for backpackers.

As a heating fuel, it is often used in portable stoves, and is sold in some filling stations. It is sometimes used as a heat source during power failures.

Kerosene is widely used in Japan as a home heating fuel for portable and installed kerosene heaters. In Japan, kerosene can be readily bought at any filling station or be delivered to homes.

It is used less for cooking, with LPG being preferred because it is easier to light. Kerosene is often the fuel of choice for range cookers such as Rayburn.

Additives such as RangeKlene can be put into kerosene to ensure that it burns cleaner and produces less soot when used in range cookers. The Amish , who generally abstain from the use of electricity, rely on kerosene for lighting at night.

More ubiquitous in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, kerosene space heaters were often built into kitchen ranges, and kept many farm and fishing families warm and dry through the winter.

At one time, citrus growers used a smudge pot fueled by kerosene to create a pall of thick smoke over a grove in an effort to prevent freezing temperatures from damaging crops.

Before the days of electrically lighted road barriers, highway construction zones were marked at night by kerosene fired, pot-bellied torches. Most of these uses of kerosene created thick black smoke because of the low temperature of combustion.

A notable exception, discovered in the early 19th century, is the use of a gas mantle mounted above the wick on a kerosene lamp.

Looking like a delicate woven bag above the woven cotton wick, the mantle is a residue of mineral materials mostly thorium dioxide , heated to incandescence by the flame from the wick.

The thorium and cerium oxide combination produces both a whiter light and a greater fraction of the energy in the form of visible light than a black body at the same temperature would.

These types of lamps are still in use today in areas of the world without electricity, because they give a much better light than a simple wick-type lamp does.

In countries such as India and Nigeria, kerosene is the main fuel used for cooking, especially by the poor, and kerosene stoves have replaced traditional wood-based cooking appliances.

As such, increase in the price of kerosene can have a major political and environmental consequence. The Indian government subsidizes the fuel to keep the price very low, to around 15 U.

Kerosene is used as a fuel in portable stoves , especially in Primus stoves invented in Portable kerosene stoves earn a reputation of reliable and durable stove in everyday use, and perform especially well under adverse conditions.

In outdoor activities and mountaineering, a decisive advantage of pressurized kerosene stoves over gas cartridge stoves is their particularly high thermal output and their ability to operate at very low temperature in winter or at high altitude.

In the midth century, kerosene or tractor vaporising oil TVO was used as a cheap fuel for tractors. The engine would start on gasoline, then switch over to kerosene once the engine warmed up.

A heat valve on the manifold would route the exhaust gases around the intake pipe, heating the kerosene to the point where it was vaporized and could be ignited by an electric spark.

In Europe following the Second World War, automobiles were similarly modified to run on kerosene rather than gasoline, which they would have to import and pay heavy taxes on.

Besides additional piping and the switch between fuels, the head gasket was replaced by a much thicker one to diminish the compression ratio making the engine less powerful and less efficient, but able to run on kerosene.

deutsch kerosene - not

Leichtöl [1] , Mitteldestillat. Treibstoffe, die ähnlich gut wie Kerosin, Diesel und Benzin sind. Italian Questa relazione, comunque, non si occupa solo della tassa sul kerosene , ma anche della massiccia distorsione della concorrenza provocata dalle esenzioni fiscali concesse al trasporto aereo. Diese Beispiele können umgangssprachliche Wörter, die auf der Grundlage Ihrer Suchergebnis enthalten. In anderen Projekten Commons. Wörterbuch Konjugieren Phrasen Spiele Mehr von bab. Aus dem Umfeld der Suche petroleum , kerosine. Petroleum wurde seit der Antike als Brennmaterial und Arzneimittelzutat verwendet. Vermutlich ist "kerosene - Petroleum", mir geht es jetzt aber um das "Waschpetroleum", ein W…. Schaue in den Beispielsätzen nach, um den "kerosene" im Kontext zu sehen.

Kerosene deutsch - commit

Vielen Dank für Ihr Feedback! Reverso beitreten Registrieren Einloggen Mit Facebook einloggen. Der Eintrag wurde im Forum gespeichert. Petroleum wurde seit der Antike als Brennmaterial und Arzneimittelzutat verwendet. Wie gefällt Ihnen das Online Wörterbuch?

Ultra-low sulfur kerosene is a custom-blended fuel used by the New York City Transit Authority to power its bus fleet.

The transit agency started using this fuel in , prior to the widespread adoption of ultra-low-sulfur diesel , which has since become the standard.

JP-8 , for "Jet Propellant 8" a kerosene-based fuel, is used by the United States military as a replacement in diesel fueled vehicles and for powering aircraft.

JP-8 is also used by the U. Kerosene is used as a diluent in the PUREX extraction process, but it is increasingly being supplanted by dodecane.

In X-ray crystallography , kerosene can be used to store crystals. When a hydrated crystal is left in air, dehydration may occur slowly.

This makes the color of the crystal become dull. Kerosene can keep air from the crystal. It can be also used to prevent air from re-dissolving in a boiled liquid, [45] and to store alkali metals such as potassium , sodium , and rubidium with the exception of lithium, which is less dense than kerosene, causing it to float.

Kerosene is often used in the entertainment industry for fire performances, such as fire breathing , fire juggling or poi , and fire dancing.

Because of its low flame temperature when burnt in free air, the risk is lower should the performer come in contact with the flame. Kerosene is generally not recommended as fuel for indoor fire dancing, as it produces an unpleasant to some odor, which becomes poisonous in sufficient concentration.

Ethanol was sometimes used instead, but the flames it produces look less impressive, and its lower flash point poses a high risk.

As a petroleum product miscible with many industrial liquids, kerosene can be used as both a solvent, able to remove other petroleum products, such as chain grease, and as a lubricant , with less risk of combustion when compared to using gasoline.

It can also be used as a cooling agent in metal production and treatment oxygen-free conditions. In the petroleum industry, kerosene is often used as a synthetic hydrocarbon for corrosion experiments to simulate crude oil in field conditions.

Kerosene can be applied topically to hard-to-remove mucilage or adhesive left by stickers on a glass surface such as in show windows of stores. It can be used to remove candle wax that has dripped onto a glass surface; it is recommended that the excess wax be scraped off prior to applying kerosene via a soaked cloth or tissue paper.

It can be used to clean bicycle and motorcycle chains of old lubricant before relubrication. It can also be used to thin oil based paint used in fine art.

Some artists even use it to clean their brushes; however, it leaves the bristles greasy to the touch. Ingestion of kerosene is harmful or fatal.

Kerosene is sometimes recommended as a folk remedy for killing head lice , but health agencies warn against this as it can cause burns and serious illness.

A kerosene shampoo can even be fatal if fumes are inhaled. People can be exposed to kerosene in the workplace by breathing it in, swallowing it, skin contact, and eye contact.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Kerogen or Keroselene. For other uses, see Kerosene disambiguation. Retrieved 14 December Retrieved 25 October Retrieved 28 April Archived from the original PDF on 28 February Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 10 June Combustion Science and Engineering.

S; Wang, Jianliang The Chinese Oil Industry: Springer published 28 November Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing. A Heritage of Light: Lamps and Lighting in the Early Canadian Home.

University of Toronto Press. Canadian Scientists and Inventors. The American Manufacturer and Iron World. The Pennsylvania State University.

Retrieved 12 December Johns Hopkins, — Williamson and others, The American Petroleum Industry: Press, , , , A Practical Treatise on Petroleum.

This reference uses "benzene" in the obsolescent generic sense of a volatile hydrocarbon mixture, now called benzine, petroleum ether, ligroin, or naphtha, rather than the modern meaning of benzene as the specific aromatic hydrocarbon C 6 H 6.

Popular Science December The New York Times. Retrieved 1 December Journal of Tropical Pediatrics. Radiological signs of pneumonia were shown in nine out of 27 patients who had chest X-rays.

There was one death. Passt nicht zu meiner Suche. Calls on the Commission to propose measures to restrict as far as possible the adverse effects of the growth in aviation; calls on the Commission to support all measures which may be taken by the airlines and the aviation industry to achieve a [ In view of the good start to the first quarter in spite of intense competition and rising liquidity costs, we believe that we will be able to expand our business even further and increase our earnings Ongoing globalization and the solid economic growth seen in booming regions such as Asia and the Middle East will continue to drive the transportation markets The high oil prices remain a challenge, particularly to the aviation industry, but airlines are alleviating this [ Content of the [ W he r e kerosene , d ie sel fuel or liquefied [ Inhalt der nationalen [ W erd en Kerosin, D ies elk rafts to ff oder [ In comparison with a levy [ Im Vergleich zu einem Entgelt, das sich an den [ The increased volume of traffic can be explained primarily by the buoyant economic situation, significant growth in the low-cost and business [ If the collapse of the Twin Towers was [ These include the continued economic slump, the possible [ In the light of progressive global [ Vor dem Hintergrund des fortschreitenden [ After an layover of about four hours on the manoeuvring area in Ankara the pilot announced that there had to be made a [ When the lamp is lit, the kerosene that the wick has absorbed burns and produces a clear, bright, yellow flame.

As the kerosene burns, capillary action in the wick draws more kerosene up from the fuel tank. All kerosene flat-wick lamps use the dead-flame burner design, where the flame is fed cold air from below, and hot air exits above.

This type of lamp was very widely used by railways, both on the front and rear of trains and for hand signals, due to its reliability.

At a time when there were few competing light sources at night outside major towns, the limited brightness of these lamps was adequate and could be seen at sufficient distance to serve as a warning or signal.

A central-draught lamp, or Argand lamp , works in the same manner as the flat-wick lamp. The burner uses a wick, usually made of cotton , that is made of a wide, flat wick rolled into a tube, the seam of which is then stitched together to form the complete wick.

The tubular wick is then mounted into a "carrier", which is some form of a toothed rack that engages into the gears of the wick-raising mechanism of the burner and allows the wick to be raised and lowered.

The wick rides in between the inner and outer wick tubes; the inner wick tube central draft tube provides the "central draft" or draft that supplies air to the flame spreader.

When the lamp is lit, the central draft tube supplies air to the flame spreader that spreads out the flame into a ring of fire and allows the lamp to burn cleanly.

A variation on the "central-draught" lamp is the mantle lamp. The mantle is a roughly pear-shaped mesh made of fabric placed over the burner.

The mantle typically contains thorium or other rare-earth salts ; on first use the cloth burns away, and the rare-earth salts are converted to oxides, leaving a very fragile structure, which incandesces glows brightly upon exposure to the heat of the burner flame.

Mantle lamps are considerably brighter than flat- or round-wick lamps, produce a whiter light and generate more heat. Mantle lamps typically use fuel faster than a flat-wick lamp, but slower than a center-draught round-wick, as they depend on a small flame heating a mantle, rather than having all the light coming from the flame itself.

Mantle lamps are nearly always bright enough to benefit from a lampshade, and a few mantle lamps may be enough to heat a small building in cold weather.

Mantle lamps, because of the higher temperature at which they operate, do not produce much odor, except when first lit or extinguished.

Like flat- and round-wick lamps, they can be adjusted for brightness; however, caution must be used, because if set too high, the lamp chimney and the mantle can become covered with black areas of soot.

A lamp set too high will burn off its soot harmlessly if quickly turned down, but if not caught soon enough, the soot itself can ignite, and a "runaway lamp" condition can result.

Pressurized mantle lamps contain a gas generator and require preheating the generator before lighting. An air pump is used to deliver fuel under pressure to the gas generator.

Large fixed pressurized kerosene mantle lamps were used in lighthouse beacons for navigation of ships, brighter and with lower fuel consumption than oil lamps used before.

A kerosene lantern, also known as a "barn lantern" or "hurricane lantern", is a flat-wick lamp made for portable and outdoor use. They are made of soldered or crimped-together sheet-metal stampings, with tin-plated sheet steel being the most common material, followed by brass and copper.

There are three types: Both hot-blast and cold-blast designs are called tubular lanterns and are safer than dead-flame lamps, as tipping over a tubular lantern cuts off the oxygen flow to the burner and will extinguish the flame within seconds.

The earliest portable kerosene "glass globe" lanterns, of the s and s, were of the dead-flame type, meaning that it had an open wick, but the airflow to the flame was strictly controlled in an upward motion by a combination of vents at the bottom of the burner and an open topped chimney.

This had the effect of removing side-to-side drafts and thus significantly reducing or even eliminating the flickering that can occur with an exposed flame.

Later lanterns, such as the hot-blast and cold-blast lanterns, took this airflow control even further by partially enclosing the wick in a "deflector" or "burner cone" and channeling the airflow through that restricted area, creating a brighter and even more stable flame.

The hot-blast design, also known as a "tubular lantern" due to the metal tubes used in its construction, was invented by John Irwin and patented on January 12, The hot-blast design collected hot air from above the globe and fed it through metal side tubes to the burner, to make the flame burn brighter.

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